Why Belzhar by Meg Wolitzer Parodied My Expectations- Review

Posted December 26, 2014 by Cristina (Girl in the Pages) in Books, Reviews / 8 Comments

BelzharBelzhar by Meg Wolitzer

My rating: 2.5/5 Stars

Publisher: Dutton Juvenile (2014)

Length: 264 pgs

Genre: YA Contemporary/Magical Realism

Format: Hardcover, checked out from local library

Goodreads Synopsis: If life were fair, Jam Gallahue would still be  at home in New Jersey with her sweet British  boyfriend, Reeve Maxfield. She’d be watching  old comedy sketches with him. She’d be kissing him in the library stacks.

She certainly wouldn’t be at The Wooden Barn, a therapeutic boarding school in rural Vermont, living with a weird roommate, and signed up for an exclusive, mysterious class called Special Topics in English.

But life isn’t fair, and Reeve Maxfield is dead.

Until a journal-writing assignment leads Jam to Belzhar, where the untainted past is restored, and Jam can feel Reeve’s arms around her once again. But there are hidden truths on Jam’s path to reclaim her loss.

From New York Times bestselling author Meg Wolitzer comes a breathtaking and surprising story about first love, deep sorrow, and the power of acceptance.


“Everyone has something to say. But not everyone can bear to say it.”

I was really interested in reading Belzhar the minute I found out it was loosely based on The Bell Jar by Sylvia Plath. Like many avid readers, Sylvia Plath was a very important poet and writer to me growing up, ever since my ninth grade English teacher recommended her to me when I was struggling to find a poet I connected with for a poetry project. Since then, Sylvia Plath’s poetry, with its rawness and bare open exposure of pain and the struggle of finding one’s identity (especially as a female) resonated with me deeply in a way that no other poet’s work ever could. So when Belzhar came along, I was entranced with the idea that Plath’s work would find its way among YA literature.

Unfortunately, Belzhar turned out to be a parody of the brilliance and darkness of Sylvia Plath’s work in many ways. While the plot was intriguing enough to keep me reading to the end and the writing style wasn’t necessarily bad, by the end of the novel had me thoroughly disappointed in the use of Plath as inspiration, and the lack of depth in the characters.

Where Belzhar Excelled:

It’s always my policy in my reviews to give credit where credit’s due, and there were elements in Belzhar that kept my attention. The Wooden Barn, the school for emotionally fragile and highly intellectual teens that Jam ends up attending, was an interesting setting, and I immediately adored the Special Topics in English class with their no-nonsense teacher who refuses to coddle them because of their backgrounds. Mrs. Quenell is the type of teacher who’s class can change a student’s life (even without the magical realism aspect…and do note that while this may be billed firstly as a contemporary, there is a heavy layer of magical realism/fantasy. Had I not known this going in I may have been even more frustrated with the book). Mrs. Quenell really drives home that books can change a student’s life and help them uncover more about themselves, and reminded me of the personal importance so many discussions I had with classmates and professors impacted me. There’s also a really neat twist with Mrs. Quenell’s background toward the end, although for the most part she remains an enigma, which was disappointing as the beginning of the novel built up her character so much. Mrs. Q really drives home an important point: words matter, even in a world where technology rules and S.T.E.M. fields are being pushed over the liberal arts.

Belzhar also kept me hooked as I wanted to know the back stories of why Jam’s classmates ended up at the special school. I appreciated the range of stories, from tragic abductions to the implosion of families, that caused realistic emotional trauma for Jam’s classmates, and how they all struggled to overcome them, and quite frankly wished I could have spent more time with them rather than the protagonist herself.

Where Belzhar Disappointed:

Belzhar didn’t incorporate Sylvia Plath nearly as much as I had hoped. There are only a handful of instances where it shows the characters interacting with her poetry in class, and most of time I had hoped would show the Special Topics in English class sessions was substituted with the students obsessions with their journals (which you’ll find out about if you read the novel…I don’t want to spoil anything).

My main problems with this novel were not with the plot or the setting or even the characters, but mainly with the protagonist, Jam. She is dealing with the loss of Reeve, her boyfriend she knew for 41 days before the loss (an excessively short time, I know). Now I don’t want to undermine Jam’s loss, because I know how devastating love and loss can be at the age of fifteen, when you’re still trying to figure out who you are and where you fit in the shark tank of high school and how much your own identity can and should mesh with someone else. So on the one hand I don’t want to completely condemn Jam for her depression…but on the other hand I just wanted to grab her, shake her shoulders and be like “You only knew this kid for 41 days.” 41 days and she’s fallen into a practically comatose state, unable to resurface from her grieving, severing all of her previously existing relationships, emotionally abandoning her family. It’s all a bit too extreme.

Jam is one of those protagonist who always has to be defined by her relationship with a male. I know both other book characters and people in real life like this, and while it doesn’t make them bad people, Jam’s inability to exist (and at such a young age, too) without a relationship is over the top, and I don’t like the message it sends to readers. Here are a few examples:

“Without Reeve, I’m hardly even a person.” -pg 51

“He was the only one I wanted to talk to, so I made my way through the crowd until a British accent drifted out, and I was like a dog who snaps to attention at its master’s voice.” -pg 42

These quotes describe a character with such a lack of agency it made me cringe. Especially when she compares herself to a dog. It’s all so dangerously self-deprecating, all in the name of “love.” Jam clearly allows Reeve (or at least her perception of him) to claim total ownership over her. What kind of message is that sending? And maybe I could have forgiven this had she become a more independent person by the end of the novel, but (minor spoiler) there’s a half-baked romance with one of the other students that serves to finally distract her from Reeve…not a friendship, not a hobby, but yet another boy.

There’s also a huge plot twist at the end of the book, that’s really shocking if you don’t happen to guess it in advance, which I did about 25% into the novel. And when I did, boy did it enrage me. (Some Spoilers Ahead) Jam’s “trauma” over Reeve ends up being so inconsequential compared to her classmates with actual tragedies and post-traumatic stress disorder, almost laughably so, as she’s constructed a revisionist history inside her own head to make herself look like a martyr and has essentially existed in a fugue state for the past year over pretty standard teenage drama. To categorize her as mentally ill (which she arguably may be for the “stories” she tells and convinces herself of) and then for her to be “cured” so quickly (and largely due to starting to date another boy) is rather insulting to the entire concept of mental illness and the actual obstacles and long, committed road to recovery individuals with emotional trauma must actually face (everything gets wrapped up rather nicely and conveniently at the end of the novel, which also feels unauthentic). The boarding school setting of the book may have been intriguing, but the caricature of it being basically an institution for those suffering from PTSD from actual traumatic events was rather insulting in how simplistic and shallow it was constructed. (End Spoilers)

Overall: Belzhar wasn’t a bad book in terms of writing- in fact, I wouldn’t mind trying another one of Meg Wolitzer’s books to see if it resonates better with me. However, there were a multitude of problematic plot elements from a protagonist who cannot define herself without a male to a cursory and shallow portrayal of mental illness that undermines the real experiences of those who suffer emotional trauma. If you don’t guess it beforehand, the book does offer some exciting (though potentially anger-inducing) twists regarding the group of troubled teens that may captivate fans in the same vein as We Were Liars. I applaud Belzhar for drawing upon Sylvia Plath, but ultimately the book falls short of the large expectations derived from taking inspiration from such a prolific poet.

verdictnotafanliarsIf you enjoyed Belzhar, you may also like We Were Liars.

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8 responses to “Why Belzhar by Meg Wolitzer Parodied My Expectations- Review

  1. Yikes, think I’ll be steering clear of this one! Sounds like the mental health portrayal would infuriate me. Such a shame that a good concept didn’t work in practice. Brilliant review though! Can you believe I’ve never read any Sylvia Plath? I know, the horror. We don’t really talk about or study her much over here in the UK (as a general observation) so maybe it’s more of an American thing? She’s on my to-get-to-in-order-to-make-up-for-my-inadequate-English-education-pile 😉

    • Since she’s an American author with such a dark ending (and her poetry is pretty dark as well) I’m not surprised it wasn’t really focused on in your curriculum, but I highly recommend her! (Her stuff may be dark but it’s really powerful!)

  2. Great review!
    You’re pointing out the exact same things that I disliked about this book.
    The writing was nice and I also liked the theme of Silvia Plath’s Bell Jar, which I then bought and finally read. The Bell Jar was a really interesting and powerful story and I cannot wait to also read her poetry.

      • Yes, please do! Although it’s a classic, it’s so easy to read and Plath’s writing is so powerful and emotional.
        I hope so, too! It would be great to read more of Plath influenced YA books! 🙂

  3. […] Belzhar was a book I was extremely curious about, as it dealt with mental illness, magical realism, and my favorite poet. Yet it fell extremely flat on delivering all of these elements, and the big reveal at the end of the book felt like a joke. However, it’s the only YA book I’ve come across that has a story influenced by the works of Sylvia Plath, my favorite poet, and I am grateful that I was able to read a novel influenced by her poetry and personal life. […]

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